China: Pinggu District's villages form a chrysanthemum industry

Xibaidian Village, Daxingzhuang Town is located in the western plain area of ​​Pinggu District, 8 km away from the center of Pinggu. It has become the largest edible chrysanthemum production base in China. Since 2009, the village has begun to develop the edible chrysanthemum industry. Currently, there are 60 greenhouses for edible chrysanthemum, and more than 10 varieties have been planted, which has become the national germplasm resource bank for edible chrysanthemums.

Two new ornamental greenhouses
This year, Daxingzhuang Town focused on creating two exquisite ornamental greenhouses— “Ju Xiang Ru Yi” Pavilion and “Luo He Shi Hao” Pavilion. The former showcases the various aspects of chrysanthemums, their functional value, and brand culture; the latter showcases the historical civilization, ecological construction and industrial development of Daxingzhuang.

Today, the chrysanthemum greenhouses in Xibaidian Village are uniform and the chrysanthemum patterns are painted on the outer wall, which has become a new place for many tourists to “check-in”. Dozens of edible chrysanthemums and ornamental chrysanthemums are planted here.

A new generation of edible chrysanthemums
It is worth mentioning that tourists who come sightseeing this year can also taste the new generation of edible chrysanthemums developed by the Biological Center of the Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences: "Yan Shan Bai Yu" (also known as "White Jade No.2") and "Yan Shan Jin Huang" (also known as "Golden No.2"). According to the introduction, these two edible chrysanthemum varieties have been tested in Xibaidian Village since they were bred. After years of testing, they performed well. They will formally replace the original same-color edible chrysanthemum varieties " White Jade No.1" and "Golden No.1" in 2020, becoming the main planting varieties in Xibaidian Village. Compared with the original varieties, the flowering times of the new varieties are about ten days in advance, the ornamental effects are better, and the chrysanthemum fragrances are richer. Also, they have a thick and sweet taste, the higher content of protein, vitamin C, folic acid and calcium with the higher yield.

Donggao Village
Also, selenium-rich edible chrysanthemums have entered the flowering period in Donggao Village in the east of Pinggu. The annual output of vegetables and fruits in Donggao Village is 16 million kg, which is why it is known as "the first town of Pinggu Vegetables". In recent years, Donggao Village has implemented a new planting and repurchasing model, which has allowed many agricultural planting cooperatives to increase farmers' income.

Environmental-friendly methods of prevention and control
"In 2017, our cooperative cooperated with the Beijing Academy of Agricultural Sciences to introduce 'Beinong No.1' chrysanthemum for trial planting," said Chen Shaobo, president of the village cooperative. Now the cooperative has hired professional agricultural technicians to provide technical guidance for chrysanthemum cultivation in greenhouses. "Now, we have added a few more chrysanthemum varieties. The planting of terrestrial chrysanthemum started this year, and the flowering period is early, which can fill the shortage of market season."

The cooperative is currently building 12 solar greenhouses for edible chrysanthemums with 1-hectare land area in total. There are more than 10 varieties such as Nongda No.1 and Nongda No.2, all of which use biogas residues and biogas slurry to grow chrysanthemums.

Chen Shaobo has adopted the "enterprise + cooperatives + local growers" agricultural industrialization business model, which means the cooperative is responsible for chrysanthemum seedlings, the supply of special fertilizers, technical services and product acquisition; the enterprise is responsible for processing, sales, and after-sale service; growers will plant chrysanthemums according to the requirements of the cooperative, and then sell the harvested chrysanthemums to the cooperative.

In order to realize the large-scale planting of the chrysanthemum industry, Chen Shaobo installed green technologies, such as automatic temperature control, no-drip film, drip irrigation, etc. in the chrysanthemum greenhouse. The "solar automatic temperature control equipment" independently developed and produced also won the utility model patent of the State Property Rights Bureau. In order to expand the market and increase the sales of chrysanthemums, Chen Shaobo invested and introduced chrysanthemum dryers to make chrysanthemum tea this year.

Selenium-rich chrysanthemums are sold at high prices
Located near the solar greenhouses own by the cooperative in the south of Zhaojiawu Village, villagers carefully select golden chrysanthemums. These carefully selected fresh chrysanthemums will be dried to become more conservable and more expensive chrysanthemum tea. "Our chrysanthemums are selenium-enriched. After processing, chrysanthemums can be sold for a high price per piece," said Chen Shaobo. It is understood that the chrysanthemum planting cycle is long and the labor demand is huge, but the technical requirements for labor in picking and other processes are not high.

Extending the industrial chain
"Chrysanthemums can not only be used as the tea but also can be made into chrysanthemum snacks, chrysanthemum dumplings, chrysanthemum hot pot, and other cuisines." Chen Shaobo said that in order to extend the industrial chain and increase the added value of products, the cooperative also launched chrysanthemum ecological tourism.

"We not only have chrysanthemums but also plant special vegetables." Chen Shaobo said that the cooperative currently has 92 solar greenhouses, and grows grapes, watermelons, sunflowers, and other special fruits and vegetables.

Source: (Yang Yijing)

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