According to Russian experts, in 2019 the cut flower market earned over 2 billion euros. Roses were the most often sold flowers. Chrysanthemums are in second place, followed by carnations. Tulips occupy a separate segment, as they are seasonal flowers, mostly popular in the beginning of March. For International Women’s Day the florists and flower growers have managed to sell over 150 million pieces of various tulips.
Over 85% of the flowers sold are grown outside the Russian Federation. However, it does not mean that there are no private growers or greenhouse complexes in the country. For example, currently, 15 greenhouse enterprises in Russia grow roses.
“There was a period when there were no offers in the market from Russian growers. However, now there are respective enterprises. The business is very much interested in the internal market being friendly to own companies. They brought investments here, here they work and pay taxes”, noted the Vice President of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce of Russia, Ms. Elena Dybova.
Concerning the Primorye area particularly, the cut flower market consists almost of only the tulip segment. Many flower growers position themselves as private enterprises that are not even registered.
According to the director of LLC Flora-stil, Mr. Sergey Matvienko, whose company grows seedlings, the region grows about two million tulips around Vladivostok a year. The flowers are sold not only locally but also delivered to the Kamchatka and Sakhalin regions. However, the local roses are not in demand.
“Roses are being brought from Ecuador. They have high quality flowers and a suitable climate for growing them. Therefore, the production expenses are not that high. We do grow tulips though, as they do not require that much attention: there is not much heating needed and the flowers can be planted very densely. We begin heating the greenhouses since the end of January so that the tulips bloom by March. This year we have sold two million tulips, but they were not enough. The demand this time exceeded the supply.”
According to experts, the special segment, namely tulips, brings profit to the Russian market in the amount of 363 million euros.