Orchids, constituting the largest and most diverse flowering plants, are classified in the family Orchidacae. Exhibiting significance as the most exotic and ubiquitous flowering plants, the cultivation of orchids on a commercial level, is gaining momentum worldwide. In addition to its ornamental and aesthetic value, the orchid industry has been successful in generating employment for people in the developing countries. The growing popularity of orchid cultivation can also be attributed to environment friendly approaches like “organic farming” and propagation through plant tissue culture.
The orchids constitute the first floriculture crops, which revolutionized the orchid industry, however, it also withholds several challenges in natural propagation, several species facing extinction. The present chapter provides a comprehensive account of the recent advances in Orchidology, discussing extensively the biotechnological prospects and advancements in orchid cultivation. Although, India has variable climatic conditions and nearly all the indigenous varieties of orchids, but lack of sophisticated technologies for commercial production and scarcity of planting materials, the orchid industry faces multiple challenges which needs to be addressed.
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Bose, Subir & Tiwari, Pragya. (2020). Orchid biology: A biotechnological perspective on the prospects and challenges in Orchid cultivation.