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Carnation photoluminescence: potential new value-added product

Additional index words. glow-in-the-dark, highlighter, imageJ, luminescence, spray paint, vase life Abstract. The success of the floral industry lies in strengthening the fresh flower market with value-added products. An experiment was conducted to quantify luminescence of cut-flower white carnations after exposure to two fluorescent products (dye from a yellow highlighter or glow-in-the-dark spray paint). Single stems were placed in bud vases that were filled with 240 mL deionized water and a 2 g floral preservative. High-lighter treatments were applied to the vase as either one drop, three drops, or half of the dye reservoir (half stick).

Paint treatments were applied at 2-, 4-, or 6-second durations to the flowers. Combination treatments were applied as three drops of high-lighter dye plus either 2, 4, or 6 seconds of paint application. Treatments were compared against each other and a nontreated control. There were five repetitions of three stems per treatment arranged in a completely randomized design. Measurements were taken daily on stem fresh weight, flower diameter, quality rating, flower maximum brightness, flower mean brightness, relative stem fresh weight percentage, overall solution absorption rate percentage, and daily solution absorption rate.

Stem fresh weight, relative stem fresh weight percentage, flower diameter, and overall solution absorption rate were greatest on day 4. Flower maximum brightness without ultraviolet (UV) light was greatest 2 days after treatment (DAT), but still produced a detectable glow through 8 DAT. Among treatments before UV charge, the 6-second paint duration provided the greatest flower maximum brightness value. The half-stick highlighter treatment had the greatest vase mean brightness. All paint treatments reduced flower quality. For each treated flower, the UV charge increased the brightness values, which ranged from 53% to 206% greater than before the UV charge. White carnations can luminesce with spray applications of glow-in-the-dark spray paint or through the stem absorption method using yellow highlighter dye, with the latter being less detrimental to vase life but requiring a UV light source to glow.

Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.

Pace, Abby & Dunn, Bruce & Fontanier, Charles & Goad, Carla & Singh, Hardeep. (2022). Cut-flower Carnation Photoluminescence: Potential New Value-added Product. HortScience: a publication of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 10.21273/HORTSCI16402-21. 


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