In recent years, the floriculture industry has emerged as an important agri-business in India. Flowers play a significant role in our lives, from birth to death. In the last decade or so, given the fast development of technology to grow quality flowers, their plucking, preservation, and transportation inside India and abroad, flower cultivation has assumed the status of an important industry. In India, this industry has started flourishing on a scientific basis.
In India, 303 thousand hectares were used for floriculture between 2018 and 2019. The total floriculture area in India is the second largest in the world, next to China. In 2021-22, the country earned a total of Rs.771.41 crore by exporting flowers. This was possible because of good soil conditions, conducive weather conditions, and the availability of labor.
In the last two decades, the floriculture industry has been increasing by 10 to 15 percent annually. The states mainly constituting the floriculture industry are Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Maharashtra.
With the advanced research in floriculture, new varieties of flowers have been developed. The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has immense potential in commercial floriculture as it is blessed with a conducive climate for different types of flowers. Moreover, J&K is also said to be an abode of some world-famous religious spots like Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine, Amaranth shrines, Shiv Khori Shrine, etc., and there is a huge demand for flowers throughout the year.
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