Best practices of “winterization” should include maintenance of your structure and systems but also include modification of your crop production practices and schedules.
Greenhouse winterization checklist
- Inspect, service and test all heating systems. This includes secondary ventilation systems as well as environmental controllers. Be sure that your fuel is clean and well stocked. All heat exchangers, motors, pulleys, etc should be inspected and repaired/replaced if necessary. Backup heat source(s) should be considered mandatory.
- Examine and secure greenhouse glazing/cover. Be sure that glazing material (double poly, poly carbonate, glass, etc) is properly secured and flashed. A simple hole in the poly, loose glass, or detached polycarbonate will be a constant source of heat loss, resulting in lost revenue and potential damage to your structure.
- Repair or replace flashing around doors, vents, and shutters. Not only will improper/damaged flashing and weather-stripping cause heat loss, but is also a common access point for mice, rats, and other rodents.
- Maintain and service your dehumidification equipment. While most growers do not pay much attention to ventilation systems in the winter, your vents, fans and louvers are critically important to lower wintertime humidity levels, control VPD and provide proper air exchanges. Failing to lubricate louvers, for example, can cause them to not close properly, allowing several air exchanges per hour.
- Inspect lighting/change bulbs if necessary. For growers using HPS lighting, cleaning bulbs and reflectors is mandatory and replacement should occur before recommended lifespan is reached. Older bulbs will burn electricity while providing less than optimal lighting and even a small amount of dust on reflectors can diminish light diffusion and intensity.
- Utilize C02 for maximum winter growth. For growers utilizing C02 supplementation, burners or orifices should be cleaned and replaced if necessary. Any grower not utilizing C02 should consider including it in the winter months. At a very low cost, simple combustion C02 supplementation can boost yields by up to 20%.