Gerbera cultivation in India

In India, Gerbera flowers are extensively distributed at heights of 1300 to 3200 meters. They grow very well in states like Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and other Himalayan regions. A good thing about the Gerbera flower is that it can be grown all over India through greenhouse farming.

For a Gerbera plantation, tropical as well as sub-tropical conditions are appropriate. But, in case of sub-tropical climate, it must be guarded against frost as it is sensitive to frost. In sub-tropical regions, farmers cultivate it in greenhouses, but the greenhouse must have natural ventilation. The most ideal conditions for producing good quality Gerbera flowers are a light intensity of 400 watts/m² with day temperature between 22 and 25⁰C and night temperature of 12 to 16⁰C.

Although Gerbera can be planted any time of the year, many farmers plant it in January to March or June to July. A good light amount is required during the plantation, hence it is not planted in November and December. Additionally, there is a risk of frost development, which is harmful to the plant in its initial stages. Farmers also avoid planting in August and September as the plants have to sustain winter during their growing periods.

Read more at Krishi Jagran (Abha Toppo)

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