Chrysanthemums are, after roses, the most produced and sold cut flower around the world. And over the last years, for the cut chrysanthemum, it is becoming more and more important to be “able to work in a team". That means they have to offer a good performance in mixed bouquets, explains Hubert Brandkamp, owner of breeder and young plant producer Brandkamp.
The team of Brandkamp Youngplants at the IFTF 2019 in Vijfhuizen, the Netherlands.
A popular bouquet flower
Over the years, the trend for pre-made bouquets have been on the rise. "People do not want or do not have the time to wait for an individually made florist bouquet. The sales of pre-made bouquets at retailers, gas stations and so on, have been on the rise. Regarding the flowers in the bouquets, the chrysanthemum was from the beginning one of the most used cut flowers, explains Brandkamp. "The reason for the popularity of the chrysanthemums is the wide range of colors, flower sizes and shapes with an excellent vase life. What do you want more for mix bouquets?"
Colors and shapes
The chrysanthemum knows a broad range of colors and shapes, but which colors and shapes art the most poplar? According to Brandkamp, it differs per country. "The popularity of a color is different from areas or countries in the world, for example in East Asian gold and red are noble colors since they are in fashion for a long time. In Scandinavia, for example, pink is popular. However, over all is white the important color." Regarding the flower forms, he sees a more clear pattern. "More and more filled flowers required and at best with a green hard. We also see more of a revival of the disbud types in the last years, but here not so much the classic ball form - more decorative types with middle large flowers."
Clockwise: Ceylon, Angkor, and Yeti Yellow Disbud
"Important criteria in breeding are the shape of the flowers, the structure of the spray and the color." Chrysanthemums have been an important part of the range at Brandkamp (46419 Isselburg, Germany) for more than 60 years. Especially in the area of disbud varieties with large flowers (cultivation: side buds are broken out so that a main bud develops in a large manner), the color and elegance of the flower shape play a major role,” observes Brandkamp, “even more than spray varieties. ”The two new varieties 'Yeti White' and 'Yeti Yellow' have bright colours and an elegant and decorative flower shape. "They are versatile and can also be cultivated together very well."
‘Ceylon’, in orange, is a typical autumn colour is added to the range for all arrangements from September to the end of November. The pompom-like flower is strong and safe for transport. ‘Ceylon’ is growing very uniform. In the area of spray chrysanthemums, Brandkamp is introducing the new ‘Sapporo’ variety in snow-white with a fresh green center and the new ‘Angkor’ in bright pink. "These are double-flowered varieties with an elegant spray structure that can be used in many ways," explains Brandkamp. "With a response time of seven and 7,5 weeks, it's a very fast reacting variety in double-flowered varieties with such large flowers."