Carnations, anthuriums, roses, tulips... The flowers in the Yunnan Province Flower Demonstration Park (hereinafter referred to as the Provincial Flower Park) in April are colorful and beautiful.
In recent years, the Provincial Flower Park has continuously introduced the development of modern agriculture and promoted the integrated development of primary, secondary, and tertiary industries. A modern agricultural science and technology demonstration park has been formed that is guided by the development of new technologies such as technological incubation and plant tissue culture, with seeds, seedlings, and bulbs as the main body, and supplemented by the production of fresh-cut flowers, potted flowers, dried flowers, organic vegetables, and edible fungi. It has also become a demonstration zone for plateau characteristic agriculture, protected agriculture, and export-oriented agriculture in Yunnan Province.
68 well-known companies settled in the Provincial Flower Park
Since its establishment in 1999, the Provincial Flower Park has used science and technology to promote green development, forming a multi-lead development pattern that focuses on the flower industry, organic vegetables, hydroponic tomatoes, rare edible fungi planting, and the integration of agriculture and tourism. The Chinese Academy of Sciences, the National Rose Test Station, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences and other scientific research institutes, and 68 well-known domestic and foreign enterprises have also settled in. Among them, there are 4 high-tech enterprises, 3 high-tech small- and medium-sized enterprises, 37 provincial and municipal leading enterprises, 4 science and technology research and development bases, 7 modern agricultural science and technology centers, and 12 foreign-funded enterprises such as Ball Horticultural from the United States and Anthura from the Netherlands.
At present, the Provincial Flower Park produces 815 million high-end fresh-cut flowers and more than 10 million pots of potted flowers each year, covering many varieties such as Phalaenopsis, Cymbidium, Chrysanthemum, Carnation, Anthurium, Rose, etc. The production and sales account for more than 50% of the domestic market, with an annual output value of nearly 1.4 billion RMB. Among them, Honghua chrysanthemum seedlings accounted for 95% of the national export share and more than 40% of the Japanese import market. It is the largest supplier of chrysanthemum seedlings exported to Japan and the largest chrysanthemum manufacturer in China.
Besides, the production and sales of Anthurium from Anthura Co., Ltd occupies more than 95% of the domestic market. Phalaenopsis seedlings from Kunming Tongyi Co., Ltd are exported to the European market. Bamboo seeds and seedlings cultivated by Yunnan Zhenzhu Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. are exported to more than 100 countries and regions. Relying on scientific and technological innovation and product improvement, the enterprises from Provincial Flower Park have continuously improved the quality of flowers and vegetables. The export of highland characteristic agricultural products like flowers and vegetables makes a profit of 60 million US dollars. There are 26 exporting countries and regions, with an export volume of 44%. Nearly 10 varieties of flowers are ranked at the forefront of the country in terms of output, quality, and international and domestic market shares.
Infrastructure supporting facilities are gradually improved
Many well-known agricultural enterprises settled in the Provincial Flower Park, which is inseparable from the gradual improvement of infrastructure facilities in the park.
The Provincial Flower Park continues to improve infrastructure construction. In particular, government guidance and enterprises themselves have invested more than 6 billion RMB to build infrastructures such as water, electricity, roads, gas, and the Internet. 6 million m2 of steel frame greenhouses, 300,000 m2 of shading greenhouses, 700,000 m2s of self-controlled greenhouses, 1.5 million m2 of dripping irrigation, 20 flower post-harvest treatment workshops, and 80 cold storages have been built.
At present, the Provincial Flower Park has initially established five bases for display and cultivation of agricultural products, new varieties and new technology incubation, intensive processing of agricultural products, agricultural sightseeing and leisure experience, and agricultural product distribution.
It is worth mentioning that the current public testing and agricultural product traceability system platform has been basically completed in the Provincial Flower Park, and the rose testing station of the State Forestry Administration, and the branch of the Quality Standards and Testing Institute of the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences have been established. The Chennong Agricultural Expo Park, which integrates production demonstration, seedling cultivation, agricultural product processing, modern logistics, digital agriculture, popular science agriculture, sightseeing agriculture, and agricultural tourism experience, has been completed, creating a "window of agricultural expo" facing the whole country.
"In recent years, the park has used the Internet and other technological means to build a public information and service platform that provides enterprises with scientific and technological materials, patent materials, technical standard materials, data analysis, market information, laws and regulations, production, and marketing docking, etc., establishing the key laboratory of flower breeding in Yunnan Province, focusing on the collection of flower planting resources, the discovery of flower resources genetic diversity and beneficial functional genes, and the directional flower breeding technology.” The person in charge of the Provincial Flower Park said that in the next step, the Provincial Flower Park will continue to integrate the development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and strive for more large enterprises to settle in the park to promote the development of Yunnan Province's highland characteristic agriculture.