Yunnan is a globally recognized "plant kingdom" and "global garden". Together with Kenya, Colombia, and Ecuador, it is known as one of the world's most suitable areas for flower production. After years of hard work, Yunnan's flower industry has gradually formed a full industrial chain system integrating scientific research, production, processing, trading, transportation, sales, and socialized supporting services.
Zuo Ronggui, deputy director and spokesperson of the Yunnan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, stated that, in 2020, the flower planting area in Yunnan Province reached 126,000 hectares - an increase of 8.3% - 19.400 hectares of which was designated for fresh-cut flowers. As of 2020, Yunnan Province has independently cultivated more than 400 new flower varieties, introduced and promoted more than 600 new varieties, and promoted planting areas of more than 3333 hectares.
However, Zuo Ronggui also admitted that the development of Yunnan's flower industry still faces problems and challenges in terms of seed industry, planting, and market. For example, the number of existing flower varieties with independent intellectual property rights is low, and the selected varieties are still in low demand. The proportion of green production areas with, for example, integrated water and fertilizer cultivation, is low as well.
Zuo Ronggui revealed that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" (2021-2025), Yunnan will focus on developing independent varieties and protecting intellectual property rights, promoting green and efficient cultivation techniques, strengthening the construction of the logistics system, and building the "Yunhua" brand. Yunnan will also make efforts to speed up the promotion of the province’s flower industry to achieve high-quality development.