Agriculture in India is changing gradually, and the last several decades have seen a shift away from field crops and toward horticulture crops. The growing demand for flowers as a result of rising per capita income, shifting lifestyles, and shifting societal values of the populace is being considered a highly lucrative and profitable endeavor of horticulture. The area covered by loose flowers increased quickly from 2010 to 2018 compared to vegetables and fruits. The output of cut flowers has climbed by 58.88%, and that of loose flowers has increased by 90.30%, both of which are substantially larger than the production of vegetables and fruits. Diversifying into the production of flowers yields a better profit per unit area than the majority of field crops, which can improve farmers' livelihoods in terms of raising their revenue. One of the various possibilities for improving income from the same plot of land is a flower-based mono or sequence cropping system. Intercropping, bund plantations, protected cultivation of flower crops, and integrating farming systems have all been found to be more sustainable and lucrative. Comparing homes that grow flowers and those that don't show that the former generates much larger returns per unit of area than the latter, meaning that floriculture is still advantageous despite having higher production costs.
Biju, Milu & Sahu, Jitendra. (2023). Enhancing Farmer's Income Through Flower Production.
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